Top 5 Causes of Low Testosterone in Women

We often think of testosterone as being primarily a "male" hormone. In reality, women rely on a certain amount of testosterone in their bloodstream to maintain the body's reproductive tissues and to protect bone mass. Women experiencing low levels of testosterone can contact Active Future Solutions for a comprehensive hormone evaluation and find out how they can reclaim their health.

What role does testosterone play in women?

A woman's ovaries secrete both estrogen and small amounts of testosterone. This androgen is responsible for repairing and maintaining tissue throughout your reproductive system. It also helps protect your bone density as you age. However, women who have too much testosterone in their bodies often suffer from excess body hair, unexplained weight gain, absent periods, acne, and even a deeper voice. Many women who struggle with conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have excess levels of testosterone in their body. Too little testosterone has been linked to a loss of libido, increased fatigue, sleep disruption, irregular periods, muscle weakness, osteoporosis, and weight gain. But what causes a woman's testosterone levels to decline?

1. Age

As women age, their testosterone levels decrease. By the time they turn 40, some women have lost half of the testosterone their body naturally produces. Their levels continue to decline as they progress through perimenopause and menopause.

2. Adrenal insufficiency

You have two adrenal glands, one above each kidney. Their job is to produce hormones that regulate several functions throughout your body. First, they produce adrenaline, the hormone that floods your body in times of stress and gives you endless energy to fight or flee. Second, they produce cortisol and aldosterone that help your body cope with those large amounts of stress. These hormones regulate sodium and potassium levels, blood pressure, blood sugar, and reproductive hormones. When your adrenal glands do not function properly, this condition can lead to insufficient levels of each hormone they secrete or affect in your body. This includes testosterone levels.

3. Total hysterectomy

Anytime you surgically remove the uterus and ovaries, the hormones these reproductive organs secrete are also affected. Typically, a doctor will prescribe hormone replacement therapy, but testosterone levels continue to be low.

4. Estrogen replacement therapy

You are wondering how estrogen replacement therapy can cause low levels of hormones. That is because taking estrogen in particular can reduce the amount of testosterone your body produces. That is why it is vital to have total hormone replacement therapy that monitors and replaces all of the vital hormones your body needs to function, not just estrogen.

5. Underactive pituitary gland (hypopituitarism)

Your pituitary gland sits at the base of your brain and emits eight vital hormones for metabolism. The luteinizing hormone (LH) is especially important in regulating a woman's reproductive system. If the pituitary gland is underactive, hormone levels drop, including testosterone.

If you suspect you have low testosterone levels, there is hope. The providers at Active Future can help you understand the role low testosterone plays in your body and create a hormone replacement therapy program that is right for you. Call us today to schedule your consultation and start feeling more like you.

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